Legal Articles

Dr. Muna Almarzouqi Law Firm > Legal Articles (Page 2)

Here are the steps for starting your own home business

The acceleration of life and the change in its pattern have had an impact on the behavior of consumers, as they began to go shopping and meet their needs through electronic stores and electronic sellers, and in this regard; social networking sites take a large and influential space, and it has become a duty to organize home projects that display their products and services online. The Ministry of Commerce and Industry; by a decision of its Minister, launched an initiative to grant licenses to conduct business in homes, which consists of activities that do not require high costs, rely on personal...

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Commentary on Mediation Law No. 20 of (2021) for the Settlement of Commercial and Commercial Disputes

At the end of October of the year 2021, His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Emir of the State of Qatar, issued Law No. (20) of 2021 regarding mediation in the settlement of civil and commercial disputes. This is part of a series of legislation regulating litigation procedures and ending problems that arise through commercial, civil and other transactions as soon as possible, in order to facilitate litigants; to activate the role of alternative methods of ordinary litigation through the courts, which will reflect positively on the labor market and attract regional and international investments.  The meanings of settlement...

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Does Qatar need a new maritime law?

The State of Qatar is a distinguished strategic waterfront, and the Qatari legislator regulates Qatari maritime navigation with many relevant laws, the most important of which is Maritime Law [A] No. 15 of 1980, followed by Decree Law [B] No. 29 of 1966 regulating Qatar’s seaports, and Law No. 8 of 2017 regulating [C] Practicing marine business in the waters of the State of Qatar, which is the law that has been replaced by Law No. (16) of 1980 regarding coastal maritime transport [D] (cancelled). Since the issuance of the Maritime Law regulating marine business since 1980, new developments and challenges...

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Definition, ownership and registration of the ship in Qatari law

In the Qatari Maritime Law No. 15 of 1980, the Qatari legislator defined the ship as every navigable facility that normally operates in maritime navigation, or prepared to do so even if it is not profitable, and considered the other necessary equipment and accessories of the ship for its investment as a part of it. We understand  from the advanced legislative definition that the description of the ship is not limited to the ship’s hull or structure only, but extends to include all of its equipment and accessories that's necessary for its navigation and exploitation by sea, such as machines and...

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Overview of Act Shura elections

On 29-07-2021, His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Emir of the State of Qatar, issued Act No. (6) of (2021) issuing the Shura Council Elections Law; This came considering the legislative renaissance witnessed by the State of Qatar. The law was issued simultaneously with the issuance of laws and the formation of other committees related to the Qatari Shura Council and its elections. Including Shura Council Act No. (7) of (2021); This was preceded by the formation of supervisory and executive committees concerned with the Shura Council elections. This Act was not the first in Qatar; It was preceded by legislation Act No....

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Conciliation as an alternative solution of dispute resolution

The principle is that resorting to the judiciary is a right established for all members of society, as it is the natural way to demand rights and resolve all disputes that arise between parties, which is to compel persons (natural or legal) to appear before the court by order of its judge, and when the judgment is issued; enforcement comes by the public authorities forcibly when necessary, because the judiciary is one of the manifestations of state sovereignty, so it is the owner of the inherent right to adjudicate in all cases presented to it without discrimination, but when resorting...

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Economic risks of money laundering crime

There are many dangers that threaten countries because of professional criminals’ approach to the crime of money laundering in many ways and various methods, affecting all sectors of society, but the most dangerous of them is the harmful economic risks that affects the national economy. So, the risks and economic damages of the money laundering crime are summarized in the following cases: /1/ The depletion of the national economy: The transfer of money outside the country with the intention of laundering it in other countries leads to depriving the country of the funds and balances that feed the national economy, which prevents...

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Theory of unforeseen circumstances Conditions and Insurance Companies’ Contractual Liability to Insured against Sickness.

There is a question that many people, insured against illness, too asked about the contractual liability of insurance companies; Especially in the light of the new Corona pandemic outbreak; about the extent to which the rules of the theory of unforeseen circumstances apply to such contracts. The Civil Code No. 22 of 2004 defines insurance as a contract under which the insurer is obliged to pay to the insured, or to the beneficiary for whose benefit the insurance required an amount of money, salary income, or other financial compensation, with the occurrence of the risks set forth in the contract when...

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Qatari legislation protects the Arabic language

Qatar is an Arab State, so the authority has paid close attention to legislation protecting the Arabic language; Article 1 of the Permanent Constitution of the State provides for the Arabic of the State of Qatar, the official language of which is Arabic; Article 68 of the Code of Civil and Commercial Procedure also stipulates that (the language of the courts is Arabic. The court may, however, hear the statements of opponents or witnesses who do not know this language by means of an interpreter swearing-in prior to the performance of his or her mission, by making a proper and...

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Overview of import and export milestones and importer rights

Import and export are among the most important factors contributing to the growth of the economy and the development of States; They are crucial in the progress and development of development at the public and private levels. The Qatari Customs Code, for reasons of such exclusive importance, devotes sections to the import and export provisions; Starting with their definition and the legal forms in which recovery and export are carried out and other regulatory provisions. Import and export operations are carried out by road, sea, or air through the maritime ports and ports in the State of Qatar for the import and...

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